A Cessna Citation Encore Landing on runway 17L at the Centennial Airport (KAPA) in Denver Colorado. This is a visual approach to the runway. At the beginning of the video we get a traffic alert from the TCAS for traffic to our left. Both of the pilots are looking for the traffic but never visually acquire it and the flying pilot initiates a turn to the right for traffic avoidance. This is the second flying video I’ve made with my Gopro camera and I”m still trying to get a balance between the cockpit and the view out of the front of the aircraft. There’s a substantial amount of snow on the ground that adds to the white seen out the windshield.
A Cessna Citation Encore (CE560) makes a visual approach and landing to runway 2R at the Nashville International Airport (BNA). This early morning arrival into Nashville starts with a left downwind to runway 2R that takes us over the downtown area of the city. This can be a surprisingly busy airport. At times there are so many Southwest flights arriving and departing that you would think they owned this place. For student pilots this video has lots of ATC radio communications traffic as well as a good cockpit view of the landing.
A Cessna Citation Encore CE560 landing in snow showers at the St. Louis Cahokia Downtown airport KCPS. We’re landing after the heavier snow showers have moved off. The white flashes you can see on the windshield are individual snow flakes hitting the windshield at 135 mph. Flying in snow can create a couple of problems. If the runway is snow covered it increases our stopping distance and with a strong cross wind can create control problems on the runway. The other problem is an inflight issue of precipitation static. When flying through snow the aircraft can accumulate a static charge on the airframe faster than the static wicks can dissipate it. When this happens the radios pick up a loud static which can make them unusable till the static discharges.
Today’s modern corporate jets fly at altitudes that place them in the earths stratosphere. The highest flying corporate jets can fly as high as 51,000 ft. Commercial airliners normally fly between 30,000 and 40,000 ft. The Cessna Citation Encore is certified for flights up to Flight 45,000 ft. At these altitudes the atmosphere is extremely thin and temperatures may be as low as -60 C. If the aircraft cabin were to suddenly depressurize at 45,000 ft a pilot would only have 9-15 seconds of useful conciseness to get his oxygen mask on and sealed. I say sealed because at these altitudes even though the mask provides 100% oxygen, there isn’t sufficient atmospheric pressure to move the oxygen through the membranes of the lungs. A pressure demand mask such as the EROS has inflatable straps that tightly constrict around the head and when you take a breath it forces oxygen under pressure into the lungs. The mask is deployed by squeezing two red triggers at the base of the mask. This inflates and extends the straps on the mask allowing the mask and straps to be placed over the head with one hand. The triggers are then released and the oxygen is released from the straps and the straps constrict around the head, pulling the mask tightly over the mouth and nose. Once the mask is secured in place every time the pilot takes a breath oxygen under pressure is forced into his lungs. a small microphone is embedded in the mask so that the pilot can still communicate over the radio or intercom. This video starts with a demonstration and explanation of the EROS quick donning pressure demand oxygen mask. Pilot oxygen mask are considered quick donning if they can be donned and secured with one hand. It ends with a landing at the St. Louis Downtown Cahokia Airport (KCPS). Just before landing you can hear a “glideslope” audio warning. This is because the main runway with the ILS is closed but the frequency for the ILS is tuned in.
During the climb out we get a good aerial view of the St Louis Lambert Airport and end the trip with a cockpit view of our landing at Iowa City Airport. In the descent, it’s a little bumpy due to summer thermals and as we turn into the sun for our landing on runway 25 the haze seems to reduce the visibility by half. This trip was flown in a 1974 Citation 500 that had much of the original avionics in the panel. The 500 was the original light business jet and this one was still running on steam gauges. It had no thrust reversers or anti-skid and was equipped with an emergency drag chute.
This aircraft was definitely old school, but sometimes that’s what it takes to get the job done. The Drag chute release was on the floor between the pilots. When the pilot pulled it up to arm the chute for landing it looked like he was applying a large automotive hand brake. In the possible event off brake failure, the pilot could deploy the drag chute and bring the aircraft to a stop. the drag chute eventually disappeared from later citations. The Citation 500 was the first of the straight wing Citations built by the Cessna aircraft corporation. It was designed to compete not against the faster Lear jets but in the rapidly expanding business turboprop market. With a maximum takeoff weight of 11,500 lbs., a straight wing and turbo fan engines it could operate out of smaller airports and was much more fuel efficient than other corporate jets.
The down side was that it lived up to its nickname of the “slowtation”. With a cruise speed of 345 knots, It was over 100 kts slower than the Leer Jet. The 500 is powered by two Pratt & Whitney JT15D-1 turbofan engines that produce 2,200 lbs. of thrust each. It has a range of 1,250 nm and a maximum altitude of 35,000 ft. The 500 was only in production for five years then Cessna added thrust reversers, lengthened the wings and renamed it the Citation I.
The Cessna Citation Encore (CE-560) is an 8 seat private jet that cruises at 420 kts, has a 1,800 nm range and will climb non stop to 45,000 ft. It’s powered by two Pratt and Whitney PW535A engines generating 3,400 lbs of thrust each. It has great short field performance and is a favorite among the straight wing Citations. This video shows the cockpit instrument panel with the Primus 1000 avionics suite and cabin interior as well as a cockpit view of the landing at Sarasota Bradenton International Airport SRQ.
A Cessna Citation II landing on runway 30L at the Cahokia Illinois airport. The Citation II is an eight seat corporate jet that cruises at 365 kts. Cessna’s citation corporate jets fly all over the world and have been one of the most successful private jets ever built.