Cessna Citation Mustang Study Notes

Cessna Citation Mustang
CE-510
Study Guide

Certified as a part 23 aircraft, but meets requirements of part 25

Publications required on aircraft
1 Flight Manual
2 Normal checklist
3 Emergency/abnormal checklist
4 Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference guide

Single pilot
1 Headset with microphone – must wear
2 checklist
3 Charts accessible to the pilot
4 Working autopilot

Part 91 backup charts not required by FAR anymore except, except hi lo charts which are not accurately portrayed by the G1000
Not all published approaches are in the database
3 proximity switches on the door – indicate door closed, pins secured, door handle latched
Landing/RECOG lights use same lights just changes intensity no flashing, in belly
Entry lights on a 10 minute timer
No chime or ding dong on passenger safety switch
ECAS Engine Instrument and Crew Alerting System(full left of MFD)
CAS Crew Alerting System (bottom left of MFD)
Land as soon as practical, means at a suitable airport
Land as soon as possible, means nearest suitable airport, extreme situation may require off airport landing
Flaps driven by one electric motor
Speed brakes electromechanical actuator retract at 85% throttle lever angle

Limitations

Weights
Ramp        8,730 lbs
Takeoff     8,645 lbs
Landing     8,000 lbs
Zero Fuel  6,750 lbs

Speeds
MMO (above 27,120 ft.) .63 Mach
VMO (sea level to 27,120 ft.) 250 KIAS
Max auto pilot speed 250 KIAS/.63 mach
Turbulent air penetration speed 160 KIAS
Flaps takeoff/approach (15O) 185 KIAS
Flaps Land VFE (30o) 150 KIAS
VLE 250 KIAS
VLO (extending) 250 KIAS
VLO (retracting) 185 KIAS
Maximum tire ground speed 160 Kts
Minimum speed in sustained icing 160 KIAS
VMCA (flaps 0o) 92 KIAS
VMCA (flaps 15o) 81 KIAS
VMCG 73 KIAS
VX multi engine, flaps 0o 114 KIAS
VY multi engine, flaps 0o 150 KIAS

RVSM
Minimum speed in RVSM airspace 110 KIAS
Minimum weight in RVSM airspace 6,300 lbs.
Must be installed and operational entering RVSM airspace
1. Pilot and co-pilot primary altimeters
2. Autopilot
3. Altitude alerter
4. ATCRBS Transponder

Takeoff and landing
Maximum altitude limit 14,000 ft.
Maximum tailwind component 10 knots
Maximum demonstrated crosswind 25 knots
Minimum fuel per wing for takeoff 200 lbs.
Preflight check of the following systems required
1. Stall warning
2. Flight controls
3. Flaps
4. Standby instruments
5. Electric elevator trim
6. Glare shield cooling fans
Dispatch with antiskid inoperative prohibited if forecast requires landing with STALL WARNING
HI, use flaps at TO/APR landing data
Takeoff and landing on paved surfaces only
Autopilot and yaw damper must be disengaged for takeoff and landing
Use of flaps in the land position is prohibited with ice adhering to any surface of the aircraft
STALL WARNING HI data is predicated on use of flaps at TO/APR for landing
Speed brakes must be retracted prior to 50 ft. before landing
Cabin must be depressurized before landing

Supplemental oxygen System
1.       Crew and passenger oxygen mask not approved for use above cabin altitude of 40,000 ft.
2.       Prolonged use of passenger mask not approved above 25,000 ft cabin altitude
3.       Crew oxygen mask must be properly stowed in their containers to qualify as quick donning
Garmin 1000
1.       Category II approaches prohibited
2.       All displays must be installed and operational
3.       Dispatch with a display in reversionary mode prohibited
4.       Air conditioner inoperative or off avionics on greater than 30 minutes limited to maximum of
ISA+31o C
5.       After any of these system messages displayed, Dispatch prohibited till corrected
a.       PFD/MFD COOLING
b.      GIA 1-2 COOLING
c.       PFD/MFD SERVICE
d.      GIA 1-2 SERVICE
e.      GMA 1-2 SERVICE
Autopilot
1.       One pilot must remain seated with seat belt fastened during all autopilot operations
2.       Use of autopilot prohibited if either PFD is in AHRS reversion
3.       Autopilot minimum use height
a.       Takeoff and climb                                                   700 ft AGL
b.      Enroute and descent                                              1000 ft AGL
c.       Approach (GP or GS mode)                                     200 ft AGL
d.      Approach (FLC, VS, PIT, or ALT mode)       Higher of 400 ft AGL or approach MDA

Engine Operating Limits             ITTo C        N2 %
START                                        862
GRD IDLE                                                    48.6
FLT IDLE (minimum)                                      56.8
TAKEOFF DETENT (5 min. max)  830         100.0  (10 min single engine)
CLIMB DETENT                           830         100.0
CRUISE DETENT                        830         100.0
Transient (20 seconds)                  862         100.0
Maximum tailwind component                                                           10 knots
Maximum quartering tailwind                                                              15 knots
Maximum crosswind component                                                       25 knots
Maximum time to light off                                                                    10 sec.
Max time to stabilized idle (ground or inflight starter assist)              45 sec.
Max time to stabilized idle (inflight/windmilling)                                   90 sec.
Minimum engine oil temperature                                                          -40o C
If Oil -40o C or below engine must be preheated before start
Engine indicating system may take 10 minutes to work when cold soaked below -40o C
Lead-acid Battery cold soaked 2 hours or more below -18o must be preheated to above -18o
Ni-cad battery cold soaked 2 hours or more at -10o C must be preheated to above -10o C
Max airport elevation for ground battery start                                             10,000 ft.
Maximum airport elevation for GPU starts                                                 14,000 ft.
Oil temperature must be above 22o C for 5 minutes before takeoff. When oil temperature reaches +10oC
Or warmer power can be increased to CRU detent to reduce time to warm oil to 22o C Static Wicks and Vortex Generators
All 16 vortex generators required for dispatch
Right wing and aileron         3 installed 2 required
Left wing and aileron           3 installed 2 required
Rudder and tailcone            4 installed 3 required
Elevators                           6 installed 5 required
No more than 2 ailerons total may be missing or broken

Electrical System
One electrically driven hydraulic power pack, only available with normal DC power
24v 28 amp hour lead acid battery
28.5 volt DC
Air conditioner and windshield heat highest amp draw
Generators always on – when selected off still putting out voltage – can be read on volt meter – its just disconnected by the open relay from the bus
Battery in EMER position
1 Battery relay opens
2 Emergency avionics busses powered by battery

Emergency Bus Items
1. PFD 1 – reversion mode
2. COM 1
3. NAV 1 including marker beacon
4. GPS 1
5. ADC 1
6. AHRS 1
7. Transponder 1
8. Pilot’s and copilot’s audio panels
9. ELT GPS position interface
10. Autopilot control panel (HDG, CRS, ALT knobs only)
11. Cabin dump system
12. Cockpit flood lights
13. Pilot’s pitot static heat
14. Landing gear indicator lights
15. Avionics audio warnings
16. Standby instruments (airspeed, Altitude, Attitude)
17. Magnetic compass lighting
Battery will power systems for 10 minutes
In EMER position will power systems for 30 minutes
If GPU in use for more than 30 minutes disconnect the battery
Interior disconnect switch disconnects 12V DC plugs, Lights, AC fans

Hydraulics
Hydraulic reservoir should show fluid in top window, holds 2.2 quarts
Hydraulic pump deactivated when gear is up
Standard pressure is 1,300 psi
Emergency brakes- 6 pulls, braking can be modulated
Integrated down lock in actuator piston for gear down lock

Landing Gear and Brakes
Below 85% N2 and 130 kts gear warning sounds
Below 12 kts antiskid inhibited
Touchdown protection till both tires have spun up to same speed or after 3 sec
Max tire speed 160 kts
Normal tow range 75o with ruder gust lock set 55o DO NOT TOW
Two separate pneumatic bottle – one for brakes and one for gear

Pressurization
Selecting fresh air opens valve in nose, turns on fan
Cabin dump – on emergency bus – limits cabin to 14,300 ft (max cabin altitude limiter)
Each engine puts out 4 ppm bleed air. If one side is selected that side goes to 8 ppm the other to 0
2 cabin pressure sensors, high altitude mode is automatic
CABIN ALT cabin altitude 10,000 to 15,000 ft in high altitude mode for less than 30 minutes
CABIN ALT cabin altitude 10,000 to 15,000 ft in high altitude mode for more than 30 minutes
CABIN ALT cabin altitude above 10,000 ft and destination field elevation 7,990 ft or below cabin
pressure altitude above 14,800 ft
Left engine bleed air to cockpit, right engine bleed air to cabin
No air cycle machine, bleed air goes through precooler in engine pylon, air flow controlled by flapper valve which controls cabin air temperature

Power plant
Engine 1,460 lbs thrust
5.12 quarts of oil
Fuel oil heat exchanger
FUEL FLTR BP L/R signals impending bypass/bypass valve opening
Ignition activates for start, takeoff, gear down, engine roll back
Engine has N1 shaft switch- emergency fuel shutoff valve activates if shaft moves aft
Takoff power detent 5 minutes max except an emergency
Climb power needs to be reduced to cruise or below 10 minutes after level off
Engine sync – leave on continuously n1 and power levers must be within 5% of deach other
Engine shutdown – stabilized and low itt for 2 minutes
AC needs to be off for start – only limitation – one fan must be on
Has a fuel oil heat exchanger

Fire Protection
Only one fire bottle, only one shot
L/R ENGINE FIRE switch
1 Closes firewall shutoff valve
2 Arms bottle
3 Removes field from generator
Engine fire detect system is a gas filled tube, activates a switch, engine fire test fail is a no go item

Fuel System
Minimum fuel temp -35o C
no crossfeed it’s a fuel transfer system, transfers fuel between hoppers
Prist not required
Only approved grounding point is under each wing, plug type
Boost pump activates with selected on, transfer, start, Lo pressure
FUEL PRESS LO L/R Boost pump automatically comes on if switch in NORM position

Ice Protection
Engine anti-ice – bleed air heats engine inlet, T2 probe is energized and if landing gear is retracted N2 flight idle is set to 70%
ENG A/I COLD L-R engine ant-ice cold
ENG A/I COLD L-R engine anti-ice cold after 2 minutes
Boots – wings, horizontal stabilizer, vertical stabilizer, auto 2 minute cycle, 6 seconds wing on, 6 sec tail on rest 1 min 48 sec., turn on then off it goes through 2 minute cycle. Manual position inflates all boots simultaneously till switch released
Ice on airframe – full flaps prohibited, use stall warning high landing data
Stall warning high comes on when you select wing tail anti ice on
Pitot static heat, heats – AOA vane, Pitot tubes, Static port

Flight Planing
600 to 1,100 mile range
Goes straight to 41,000
Flight plan 340 kts/1st hour 700 lbs/2nd hour 600 lbs/3rd hour 500 lbs IFR 400 to 500 lbs
With 3 persons onboard and full fuel must fly 1 hour to get to landing weight, issue with over weight landing is brake energy limits
3.3% standard climb gradient 200’/nm

60% terminal Area
50% leaving FAF